In the U.S. rules vary from state to state. In Idaho, Nebraska, Indiana, North Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas students must play on the team that matches their birth certificate, have undergone surgery or have had extended hormone therapy. The NCAA requires one year of testosterone suppression. In February 2019 Representative Ilhan Omar (D-MN) asked Minnesota Attorney General Keith Ellison to investigate USA Powerlifting over its rule barring biological males from competing in women’s events. In 2016 the International Olympic committee ruled that transgender athletes can compete in the Olympics without undergoing sex reassignment surgery. In 2018 the International Association of Athletics Federations, track’s governing body, ruled that women who have more than 5 nano-mols per liter of testosterone in their blood—like South African sprinter and Olympic gold medalist Caster Semenya—must either compete against men, or take medication to reduce their natural testosterone levels. The IAAF stated that women in the five-plus category have a “difference of sexual development.” The ruling cited a 2017 study by French researchers as proof that female athletes with testosterone closer to men do better in certain events: 400 meters, 800 meters, 1,500 meters, and the mile. "Our evidence and data show that testosterone, either naturally produced or artificially inserted into the body, provides significant performance advantages in female athletes," said IAAF President Sebastian Coe in a statement.
See I can see why people would want this to be allowed and why people would not want this. Because the people who transition want the same opportunity but then at the same time men and women are completely genetically different.
transgender athletes should only be able to compete in athletic events when their hormone levels are deemed appropriate. that being said it also depends on when the athlete decided to take hormones because if they are a fully developed and matured then the hormones will have little affect, especially on trans-women (men who transitioned to women). for this reason there would also be different regulations between trans-men and trans-women as well as if the athlete wishes to de-transition. ultimately there needs to be regulations for all levels of sport to make it a fair competition.
Transgender athletes should be allowed to compete on gender specific teams at the discretion of the sports organization based on hormone levels/physical attributes/etc. (to make sure there is no unfair advantage), but be given the legal right to play on any co-ed/non gender specific team as they so choose.
Yes, particularly if the only separation between the athletes is simply a gender issue. However, due to the fact that in a lot of athletic competitions there are things like weight classes and regulations on hormone levels, it becomes more complicated. In many ways this is a more complex issue that deserves more thought and investigation. But the answer should be towards better inclusion and respect for transgender athletes.
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